The new restrictions, allow regional governments the legal tools to take the mobility-restricting measures they consider necessary, such as closing city limits or even the borders of an entire region.
Until now, regional authorities seeking such measures had been forced to request permission from a court on a case-by-case basis.
The nocturnal confinement established by Sanchez, is from 11pm to 6am, although regional authorities may push the start and end time one hour ahead or back as they see fit.
Although, initially in place for 15 days, the Prime Minister, has put forward plans to extend the state of emergency through until the end of April 2021.
However, the new rules, differ from the original full lockdown restrictions introduced at the beginning of March.
This time, there is no home confinement, but social gatherings are restricted to six people and in some cases, people cannot enter or leave a specific area, healthcare division, municipality or region, without a justified cause.
While some overlap between central and regional measures are apparent, Pr Sanchez wants the regions, which already have jurisdiction on their own healthcare, to take the initiative in controlling the continuing pandemic.
Valencian premier XimoPuig, who introduced a curfew ahead of Sanchez’s declaration on Sunday, is planning to extend the rules until December 9th, with the curfew timescale adjusted to midnight to 6am throughout the region.
Failure to comply with the measures included in the curfew, can lead to fines of between 60€ and 60,000€.
Fines between 60€ and 600€ will be handed out for minor rule breaking by individuals, who are on the street during the hours of curfew, unless they have a valid reason.
Circumstances exempt from restrictions are, travel to the workplace to carry out their work, professional or business service; return to the place of habitual residence after working hours; assistance to health centres and acquisition of pharmaceutical products; care for the elderly, minors, dependents, people with functional diversity or those who are especially vulnerable and cause of force majeure or necessity.
Incidents of serious infraction, carrying fines of between 601 and 30,000 euros, will be issued for participation or organisation of meetings, parties or other acts that involve crowding and in which the health of up to 150 people may be endangered. People who have tested positive for Covid-19 and leave home during their isolation period will be included in this category.
Very serious infringements, leading to fines of between 30,001 to 60,000 euros, are aimed at establishments open to the public who do not respect the limits of capacity and hygiene measures and prevention when posing serious risks affecting more than 150 people. Also those who organise parties or meetings that involve a crowd that prevent the adoption of sanitary measures or minors and / or over 65s are present can be fined with this type of sanction. Additionally, a very serious offense is considered to be those positive for coronavirus who repeatedly skip home isolation.
Businesses and organisations, incurring serious fines, face closure, or disqualification of activity for between 3 and 10 years.